Search Results for ‘craig zucker’

Craig Zucker settles with CPSC

According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission:

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is announcing a voluntary recall of all Buckyballs and Buckycubes. … Refunds will be processed through a Recall Trust that will be funded by Mr. Zucker, but created and controlled by CPSC.

According to Zucker in a press release:

The settlement amount is less than 1% of the original $57 million that the CPSC estimated a recall to cost and is not a fine or penalty….

In February of 2013, the CPSC took unprecedented action by naming Zucker personally under the controversial Park Doctrine as an officer of the company that sold Buckyballs®.

This happened after Zucker, in what was itself an unusual if not unprecedented stand for an executive at a firm subject to CPSC regulation, took a vigorous public stand defending his product against the commission’s recall demands and even employed jokes and caricatures to make fun of CPSC commissioners. Earlier coverage here. More: Nancy Nord.

March 5 roundup

  • U.S. Commission on Civil Rights commissioners Gail Heriot, Peter Kirsanow: Administration’s new policy on race and school discipline likely to make schools more chaotic [Robby Soave, Daily Caller, 2011 related, earlier here, etc.]
  • French court: fan club members suffered legally cognizable emotional damage from Michael Jackson’s death [Lowering the Bar, earlier]
  • “The Newkirk incident demonstrates why cameras in the courtroom are a bad idea” [James Taranto, includes bonus New York Times disgrace]
  • Claim: advocates stymied firearms research over most of past two decades. Accurate? [Fox News]
  • Another look at the CPSC’s war on former Buckyballs CEO Craig Zucker [Jim Epstein, Reason, earlier]
  • Chris Christie use of monitorships in white-collar prosecutions draws renewed scrutiny [New Republic, earlier]
  • In which I am included in a list with George Will and Heather Mac Donald, all very flattering etc. etc. [Charles C. W. Cooke, NRO]
  • D.C.: disbarred lawyer sat for years as workers comp judge [Washington City Paper]
  • “German home-school family won’t be deported” although Supreme Court declines to hear asylum appeal [AP; discussion in comments earlier]

FDA orders 23andMe to shut down home genome test

There are so many reasons to resist the FDA on this action — really, as many reasons as there are individual 23andme users. Some of us want to seek out distant relatives and clues about national origins, or satisfy curiosity about patterns of disease in our family lines. For adoptive families, home genome testing can be hugely valuable in cases where one knows little about the medical history of an adoptee’s birthfamily. It’s our body, and our right to inform ourselves about it — or so we thought.

Some are blaming the company for rolling out the popular service in the absence of a clear regulatory go-ahead, and, in recent months, ignoring repeated signals of the FDA’s wish that it submit to comprehensive regulation that would greatly drive up the cost of its service. But other commentators have suggested that the firm has some pretty decent legal arguments that its service is not subject to regulation as a diagnostic test or “medical device” (genetic predispositions are not diagnoses). As an information-based service, it might even enjoy protection under the First Amendment. Admittedly, the company waved a red flag in front of regulators when it launched a marketing campaign that stressed the possible health benefits of knowing one’s genetic predispositions. But as Timothy Lee argues at the Washington Post:

Having more information about your health status is never dangerous by itself. It only becomes dangerous if patients use it to make dangerous medical decisions. But most dangerous medical decisions can’t be made unilaterally; they generally require the assistance of licensed medical professionals who will do their own assessment of the situation before performing procedures that could harm patients.

The FDA very likely has decent legal grounds to forbear from a crackdown should it choose to. But the key takeaway sentence from Matthew Herper’s piece in Forbes criticizing the company is: “This is not the way to deal with a powerful government regulator.” Disrespectful, anti-authority attitudes from someone an agency intends to regulate? Ask former Buckyballs CEO Craig Zucker where that gets you.

What can users, potential users, and well-wishers do?

* “First, download your 23andMe raw results now if you have them,” warns Razib Khan at Gene Expression.

* If you like signing petitions, there’s one here asking the FDA to back off.

* In a separate piece for Slate, Khan suggests where the situation might head before long: services like this can move offshore. All the relevant information consumers want from them can be delivered via the web. In the mean time a highly innovative and valuable enterprise will have been pushed out of the U.S. to some freer part of the globe, but maybe we need to get used to that happening.

And then? It may take a while before our government works up the nerve to ban mailing a saliva sample to a foreign address. Based on existing trends, I’d guess the more likely intervention, circa 2018 or so, would be for the Treasury to direct credit card companies not to process payments from U.S. residents to genome kit providers. Would we have the spirit to resist then? And if then, why not now? More: Alex Tabarrok, Slate Star Codex (by analogy, “banning people from weighing themselves without a prescription is neither clinically nor ethically sound,” although weight awareness sometimes leads patients into unwise health decisions), Nita Farahany, Brad Warbiany, earlier 2011. Alex Tabarrok’s post is especially worth reading, an excerpt:

…Indeed, genetic tests are already regulated. To be precise, the labs that perform genetic tests are regulated by the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) as overseen by the CMS (here is an excellent primer). The CLIA requires all labs, including the labs used by 23andMe, to be inspected for quality control, record keeping and the qualifications of their personnel. The goal is to ensure that the tests are accurate, reliable, timely, confidential and not risky to patients. …

…the FDA wants to judge not the analytic validity of the tests, whether the tests accurately read the genetic code as the firms promise (already regulated under the CLIA) but the clinical validity, whether particular identified alleles are causal for conditions or disease. The latter requirement is the death-knell for the products because of the expense and time it takes to prove specific genes are causal for diseases….

The FDA also has the relationship between testing and clinical validity ass-backward. The FDA wants to say no to testing until clinical validity is established but we are never going to discover clinical validity until we have mass testing.

More: Richard Epstein/Point of Law, BoingBoing, more from Ron Bailey.

November 11 roundup

  • Incoming Australian attorney general: we’ll repeal race-speech laws that were used to prosecute columnist Andrew Bolt [Sydney Morning Herald, Melbourne Herald-Sun, earlier]
  • Texas sues EEOC on its criminal background check policy [Employee Screen]
  • After Eric Turkewitz criticizes $85M announced demand in Red Bull suit, comments section turns lively [NYPIAB]
  • If only Gotham’s official tourism agency acted like a tourism agency [Coyote on NYC’s official war against AirBnB; Ilya Shapiro, Cato; earlier here and here, etc.]
  • “Lawmaker wants Georgia bicyclists to buy license plates” [WSB]
  • Religious liberty implications of European moves to ban infant circumcision [Eugene Kontorovich]
  • Video on CPSC’s quest for personal liability against agency-mocking Craig Zucker of Buckyballs fame [Reason TV, earlier]

November 4 roundup

“S&P: US lawsuit is ‘retaliation’ for ratings downgrade”

“Ratings agency Standard and Poor’s (S&P) has claimed the lawsuit filed against it by the US Justice Department was ‘retaliation’ against its decision to downgrade the US’s credit rating.” [BBC; earlier here, here] My Cato colleague Mark Calabria, a specialist on banking and finance issues, sees a pattern at work in which businesses that make life hard for the government get hit with enforcement actions:

Maybe S&P can compare notes with Craig Zucker of Buckyballs fame.

WSJ on Buckyballs: “the government wants to ruin the CEO who fought back.”

A couple of weeks ago I wrote about the very disturbing legal war being waged by the Consumer Product Safety Commission against Craig Zucker, CEO of a company that made Buckyballs, the adult magnetic-balls desk toy. After the CPSC decided to ban his product, Zucker fought back in the arena of public opinion, aiming satirical barbs at the commission and individual commissioners. CPSC then proceeded to pull him into the action personally as a party, seeking (on the basis of legal theories rarely if ever used in the past) to tag him with recall liability that the agency estimated at $57 million.

This weekend the Wall Street Journal came out with a big feature on the case, including an interview with Zucker by the Journal’s Sohrab Ahmari. Some highlights:

* At a time when sale of Buckyballs was still quite lawful pending adjudication, “and before Maxfield & Oberton [Zucker’s firm] had a chance to tell its side of the story,” the agency sent letters to major retailers asking that Buckyballs be pulled from shelves; most did, wishing to avoid trouble.

* The “responsible corporate officer” doctrine, which the CPSC cites as grounds for holding Zucker personally liable, has been very seldom invoked in the past, and the circumstances here (including the lack of reference to officer liability in the CPSC’s enabling statute) suggest that the Buckyballs case doesn’t fit. [More on that poor fit in this recent paper, previously linked in this space.]

* As for motives to go after Mr. Zucker, he provided a lot of them. During his attempt to fight the ban, his online “ads pointed out how, under the commission’s reasoning, everything from coconuts (‘tasty fruit or deadly sky ballistic?’) to stairways (‘are they really worth the risk?’) to hot dogs (‘delicious but deadly’) could be banned. Commission staff were challenged to debate Mr. Zucker, and consumers were invited to call Commissioner Inez Tenenbaum’s ‘psychic hotline’ to find out how it was that ‘the vote to sue our company was presented to the Commissioners on July 23rd, a day before our Corrective Action Plan was to be submitted.'” The thing is, you’d think, or hope, that the First Amendment to the Constitution would protect the right of a regulated party to talk back in this way, even disrespectfully.

Michigan-based commentator Bob Dorigo Jones, who has previously commented on the Buckyballs affair, wrote this on Facebook:

Buckyballs were a Godsend to our son, Johnny, last summer as he laid in a hospital bed recovering from a serious brain injury. He couldn’t watch TV or look at any type of screen because it hurt his eyes too much. He couldn’t read because it gave him headaches. But he could play with the Buckyballs that we purchased at the HOSPITAL gift store. They made a long stay in the ICU much more tolerable. Ironically, the same week he was in the hospital, an overreaching government agency banned the sales of Buckyballs — even to adults. Read this interview to get the full story on the Buckyballs saga. This is what happens when personal injury lawyers and their allies make the rules. We slowly lose our freedoms.

Read the WSJ piece here. More: Clark at Popehat, Gus Hurwitz at Truth on the Market, Alexander Cohen/Daily Caller.

CPSC sues defiant CEO individually in Buckyball case

A year ago, I wrote: “It’s rare for a regulated company to mount open and disrespectful resistance to a federal regulatory agency, but that’s what the maker of BuckyBalls, the popular desktop magnetic toy, is doing in response to the Consumer Product Safety Commission’s effort to ban its product.” The maker in question had devised cheeky, sarcastic ads asking why other products with injurious potential (coconuts, hot dogs) weren’t banned on the CPSC’s logic.

One reason it’s rare to mount open and disrespectful resistance to a federal agency is that agencies have so many ways to make businesspeople’s lives unhappy. This spring, breaking new legal ground, the CPSC reached out and named CEO Craig Zucker personally as a respondent in its recall proceeding. According to a Gibson Dunn commentary,

For the first time, the CPSC is pursuing individual and personal liability against an executive for a company’s alleged violations of the Consumer Product Safety Act. Although it remains to be seen whether the CPSC will adopt this approach in other cases, at minimum, this demonstrates just how far the CPSC is willing to push the envelope.

It’s just the latest example, the law firm says, of a pattern in which “the CPSC has aggressively enforced its governing statute and regulations, repeatedly pushing the limits of its expanded authority.”

As Morrison & Foerster says in its client alert:

Despite [Buckyballs maker] Maxfield and Oberton’s aggressive publicity campaign against the CPSC, the CPSC continued to pursue its complaint. Maxfield and Oberton folded and the company dissolved in December 2012, making the complaint moot. In February 2013, the CPSC moved for leave to file a second amended complaint naming the former CEO, Craig Zucker, both individually and as an officer of Maxfield and Oberton. The CPSC requested the same relief against Zucker as it had against Maxfield and Oberton—i.e., recall, refund, and compliance reports.

While Zucker has “argued that he could not be liable as he did not personally manufacture, distribute, or sell the product at issue,” CPSC has invoked something called the responsible corporate officer doctrine, approved by the Supreme Court in U.S. v. Dotterweich (1943) and U.S. v. Park (1975), which “permits responsible corporate officers to be held liable for the actions of the corporation, even in the absence of personal guilt on the part of the individual.”

Especially when the individual has helped promote Internet memes making fun of the CPSC.

P.S. Zen Magnets LLC of Denver, which markets a similar product which it says has not been linked to injury reports, and which has refused to withdraw its product from the market despite CPSC’s demands, is calling attention to a poll that it says shows the U.S. public overwhelmingly in favor of leaving recreational rare earth magnets on the market labeled for adult use (& Brian Doherty, Reason, Joe Patrice/Above the Law, Alexander Cohen/Atlas; cross-posted in slightly different form at Cato at Liberty).

P.P.S. Noted at the Cato version: “If the move succeeds, Zucker could be ordered to foot the bill personally for offering consumers full refunds for all products sold, reimbursing retailers for recall costs, and various other expenses potentially reaching into the millions.”

A thank you to our sources

Thanks to…

Among those who’ve sent us leads for items since 1/20: Hans Bader, Caleb Brown, Patrick Peterson, Harold Stenzel, Robert Swirsky, Rogers Turner.

7/19-12/19: Cory Andrews, Hans Bader, Jason Barney, Roger Clegg, Bob Emery, Jacob Grier, Terry Hammons, Raymond Reichelt, Flavio Rose, Harold Stenzel, Robert Swirsky, Rogers Turner, and David Wilson.

1/19-6/19: Hans Bader, Jason Barney, Roger Clegg, Bob Emery, Darrell Root, Victor Serby, Robert Swirsky, Rogers Turner, Dave Westheimer.

7/18-12/18: Jason Barney, Roger Clegg, Warrin Greyshield, Bill Hammond, Darrell Root, Victor Serby, Harold Stenzel, Robert Swirsky, Rogers Turner.

1/18-6/18: Jason Barney, Roger Clegg, Greg Dwyer, Bob Emery, Darrell Osgood, Bill Poser, Mark Pulliam, Jordan Reilly, John K. Ross, Victor Serby, Ilya Shapiro, Harold Stenzel, Robert Swirsky, Barry Teschlog, Rogers Turner, Earl Wertheimer, David Wilson, and Moin Yahya.

1/17-7/17: Bill Andrews, Jason Barney, Roger Clegg, Howard Dickman, Frank Garrison, Peter Heimlich, James Huff, Steve Miller, Raymond Reichelt, Jordan Reilly, Victor Serby, Harold Stenzel, Robert Swirsky, Barry Teschlog, Rogers Turner, and Carter Wood.

1/17-6/17: Jeff Adams, Roger Clegg, Frank Garrison, Jerry Hager, Peter Heimlich, Max Kennerly, Mark Pulliam, Raymond Reichelt, Jordan Reilly, Flavio Rose, Victor Serby, Barry Teschlog, Rogers Turner, Dave Westheimer, and David Wilson.

7/16-12/16: Jonathan Bailey, Greg Dwyer, Bob Emery, Jerry Hager, Jon Kraus, Rachel Maines, Kat Murti, Bill Poser, Mark Pulliam, Raymond Reichelt, John Robinson, Flavio Rose, John Ross, Victor Serby, Harold Stenzel, Rogers Turner, and Robert VonBuskirk.

1/16-6/16: Jason Barney, David Boaz, Jim Dedman, Bob Emery, Jerry Hager, James Huff, Jessica Lee, Torrey Lewis, Raymond Reichelt, Victor Serby, Harold Stenzel, Rogers Turner, and David Wilson.

7/15-12/15: Jason Barney, Stephen Bates, Wade Carvell, Bob Emery, Sean Fosmire, Jacob Grier, Ted Frank, Jessica Lee, Raymond Reichelt, Victor Serby, Ilya Shapiro, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, Dave Westheimer, David Wilson, and Robert Zadek.

1/15-6/15: Oscar Acuna, Cory Andrews, Jason Barney, David Boaz, Bob Emery, Michael Geller, Jerry Hager, Dan Hull, Emil Kiehne, Gregory King, Steve Miller, Kat Murti, Bill Poser, Raymond Reichelt, John Ross, James Schindler, Victor Serby, Harold Stenzel, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, David Wilson, and Ben Zycher.

7/14-12/14: Oscar Acuna, Hans Bader, Jason Barney, Jonathan Blanks, John Brewer, Wade Carvell, Jim Dedman, Greg Dwyer, Bob Emery, Joan Gartlan, Terry Hammons, Jessica Lee, Max McCann, Brian Mullis, Karen Myers, Charles Perin, Raymond Reichelt, Dustin Schmidt, Ilya Shapiro, Harold Stenzel, Ira Stoll, Kim Stone, Jane Tucker, Rogers Turner, David Wilson, and Carter Wood.

1/14-6/14: Roger Bournival, Thomas Bowden, John Brewer, John Burgess, Trevor Burrus, Steve Chapman, Roger Clegg, Bob Emery, Kyle Graham, James Huff, Austin Fulk, Bill Hammond, Jessica Lee, Peter Metrinko, Raymond Reichelt, Gerald Rossi, Ilya Shapiro, John Steele, Harold Stenzel, Robert Swirsky, Robert Thomas, Rogers Turner.

7/13-12/13: Jason Barney, Paul Brophy, Trevor Burrus, Roger Clegg, Jim Dedman, Rich Demas, Bob Emery, Ted Frank, Kyle Graham, James Huff, Doug Iverson, Marylou Lavoie, John Leo, Brian Paul, Chaz Perin, Robert Pipik, Bill Poser, Raymond Reichelt, John K. Ross, Victor Serby, Ilya Shapiro, Stanford Sipple, Christian Southwick, Harold Stenzel, Daniel Sweeney, Robert Swirsky, Rogers Turner, and Ryan Young.

1/13-6/13: Hans Bader, Jonathan Bailey, Jason Barney, Steve Birks, David Boaz, Douglas Cunnington, Jim Dedman, Bob Emery, Ted Frank, Barbara Gifford, Warrin Grayshield, Terry Hammons, James Huff, James Ingram, Ian Jacobson, Emil Kiehne, Manny Klausner, Bob Lipton, David Nowlan, Steve Pippin, Raymond Reichelt, Ilya Shapiro, Clark Sprague, Harold Stenzel, Rogers Turner, Pete Warden, David Wilson, Cathy Windels, and Tim Wise.

7/12-12/12: Hans Bader, Jason Barney, John Brewer, Roger Clegg, Bob Emery, M. Forge, Ted Frank, Warrin Greyshield, Terry Hammons, Marylou Lavoie, Jay Markowitz, David Nowlan, Mal Park, Bill Pearson, Raymond Reichelt, James Rose, Victor Serby, Ilya Shapiro, Stanford Sipple, Lenore Skenazy, Pete Skillman, Harold Stenzel, Paul Taylor, Jane Tucker, Rogers Turner, Milan Vydareny, Dave Westheimer, White Coat, David Wilson, Meredith Wright, Tom Zak.

1/12-7/12: Oscar Acuna, Elwyn Arnell, Jason Barney, Jonathan Blanks, David Boaz, Richard Demas, Keith Dickinson, Greg Dwyer, Bob Emery, Rod Ferrara, Burt Gummer, Steven Headley, Chris Hoey, Pete Krawczyk, Marylou Lavoie, Paul Alan Levy, Jay Markowitz, L.A. Morrison, David Nowlan, Trey O’Neale, Robert Owen, Tom Patterson, Raymond Reichelt, Gerry Rossi, Victor Serby, Scott Sigl, Stanford Sipple, Harold Stenzel, Robert Swirsky, Barry Teschlog, William Thompson, Damien Treadwell, Jane Tucker, Rogers Turner, and David Wilson.

7/11-12/11: Ian Adams, John Anderson, Bill Andrews, David Boaz, Steven Birks, Roger Clegg, Hugo Cunningham, Bob Emery, Rod Ferrara, Ted Frank, Ryan Gill, Chris Gilmer, Steven Headley, William Jennings, Adam Knisely, Marylou Lavoie, David Nowlan, Barry Oppenheim, Trey O’Neale, Charlie Perkins, Brett Prywitch, Darrell Root, Victor Serby, Joyce Shingler, Harold Stenzel, Daniel Sweeney, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, White Coat, and Ben Zycher.

1/11-6/11: Oscar Acuna, Jason Barney, David Boaz, Paul Brophy, Tad DeHaven, Keith Dickinson, Greg Dwyer, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Rod Ferrara, Daniel Frank, Ted Frank, Chris Gilmer, Josh Greenman, Sean Hackbarth, William Hammond, Mark Herrmann, Norm Huff, Marylou Lavoie, Jay Markowitz, Steve Miller, David Nowlan, Robert Numbers, Tom Patterson, Bill Poser, Martin Price, Brett Prywitch, Raymond Reichelt, Victor Serby, Joe Severs, John Steele, Ronald Stimbert, Mike Styczen, Jane Tucker, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, Jesse Walker, John Walsh, Chris Warth, Catherine Windels, Carter Wood.

7/10-12/10: Oscar Acuna, Jason Barney, Kent Bell, Joseph Bingham, Steve Birks, Paul Brophy, Wade Carvell, Bob Emery, Rod Ferrara, Laura Fredericks, Chris Gilmer, John Gnodtke, Mayer Grashin, Matt Guerriero, Terry Hammons, Daithi Haxton, Tim Heilig in honor of Phil Grossman, Matt Holland, Nathaniel Michael Hood, James Ingram, Adam Kolakowski, Marylou Lavoie, Stephen McGuinness, Jay Markowitz, Jeremiah Maughan, Ron Miller, Count Moriarty, Sean Nation, David Nowlan, Robert T. Numbers II, Brooks Parfitt, Malcolm Park, Raymond Reichelt, John Rohan, Victor Serby, Clark Sprague, John Steele, Harold Stenzel, Keith Sutton, James Taranto, Rogers Turner, Kevin Underhill, Antony Vickery, David Wilson, Timothy Wise, Carter Wood, M. Wright, and Ben Zycher.

1/10-6/10: Jack Archer, Jason Barney, Mark Behrens, Kent Bell, Richard Belzer, Charles Brown, CarLitGuy, Bill Childs, Benjamin Cooper, Keith Dickinson, Wayne Dunham, Bob Emery, Laura Fredericks, Vicky G., Barbara Gifford, Jerry Hager, Terry Hammons, Dean Hildahl, D.S. Hube, Doug Iverson, Heywood Jay, William Jempty, Brian Jones, Steven Jones, Adam Kolakowski, Marylou Lavoie, Diane Levin, Ian Lewis, Jay Markowitz, Charles Martin, Scott Masel, Will Middelaer, Richard Nieporent, David Nowlan, Tom Patterson, Charles Platt, Bill Poser, Brett Prywitch, Raymond Reichelt, Gerald Rossi, John Sanford, Victor Serby, Scott Sigl, Clark Sprague, Mike Styczen, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, Pete Warden, Geoff Webb, David Wilson, Cathy Windels, Timothy Wise, Carter Wood, and Bill Zeiser.

7/09-12/09: Dennis Ambler, Mark Arnold, Jason Barney, Erik Bell, Tristan Benz, Blawg Review Ed., Debra Bokulic, Robert Bruce, Wade Carvell, Darby Charvat, Bill Childs, Brady Daniels, Keith Dickinson, Karen Doyne, Bob Emery, Mickey Ferguson, Mike Fumento, Shane Gillis, John Steele Gordon, Mark Grapentine, Phil Grossman, Steven Headley, James Huff, James Ingram, Doug Iverson, Ry Jones, Joel Koerner, Adam Kolakowski, Marylou Lavoie, Ray Lehmann, Craig Loehle, Rob McDaniels, Jason McNamara, Jay Markowitz, Charles Martin, Hannah Martone, Ronald Miller, Steve Morgan, Brian Mount, Barry Nord, David Nowlan, Brooks Parfitt, Dan Parker, Brett Prywitch, Victoria Pynchon, Raymond Reichelt, Todd Rogers, Colin Samuels, Robert Schwartz, Victor Serby, Scott Sigl, Ken Silber, Christian Southwick, Clark Sprague, Tama Starr, Mark Turnauckas, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, Pete Warden, Patrick Warren, Joel Wickham, Timothy Williamson, Carter Wood, Moin Yahya, and Ryan Zempel.

1/09-6/09: Jonathan Bailey, Jason Barney, Debra Bokulic, Bookworm, Robert Bush, Wade Carvell, John Cerovac, Lynn Chu, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Ted Frank, Tom Freeland, James Fulford, Ray Futrell, Chris Gilmer, Andrew Grossman, Philip Grossman, Nathan Hannah, Daniel Haus, Tim Holt, Doug Iverson, Adam Jaworski, Brian Jones, Samara Klar, Marylou Lavoie, Lee Lopez, Keith Moore, Nicolas Martin, Rob McDaniels, Heather Mac Donald, Jay Markowitz, Stephen McGuinness, Micah McOwen, Ronald V. Miller, Jr., Brian Mount, David Nowlan, Richard O’Donnell, Richard Oldham, Raymond Reichelt, Darrell Root, Victor Serby, Scott Sigl, SSFC/Patrick, Nancy Swan, Eric Turkewitz, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, Pete Warden, Patrick Warren, Timothy Wise, Carter Wood, Meredith Wright, Thomas Zak.

7/08-12/08: Patrick Anders, Cory Andrews, Tom Austerberry, Jason Barney, Jim Bauer, Erik Bell, Otis Bricker, John Brewer, Isaac Brodsky, Greg Buhler, Wade Carvell, Jocelyn Cornine, Edward Craig, Mike Desmarais, Bob Emery, M. Sean Fosmire, Art Fougner, Vicky Gannon, Chris Gilmer, Joseph Grande, Mark Grapentine, Phil Grossman, Ananda Gupta, Steve Headley, Mark Hofmann, Paul Howard, James Huff, Doug Iverson, Brian Jones, Hikaru Katayamma, Alan Kellogg, Samara Klar, Adam Kolakowski, Paul Laven, Marylou Lavoie, Dusty Louwerens, Micah McOwen, Peg Manning, Jay Markowitz, Hannah Martone, John Nolan, David Nowlan, James O’Brien, Bill Poser, Chris Rathfoot, Raymond Reichelt, Will Richardson, Todd Rogers, Harsha Sankar, Jamie Schell, Kim Schratwieser, Tom Scott, Victor Serby, Nancy Swan, Harry Tashjian IV, Toby Thain, Francis Turner, Rogers Turner, Antony Vickery, Robert VonBuskirk, Kirt Walker, Patrick Warren, Earl Wertheimer, Dave Westheimer, David Whelan, Timothy Wise, E. Thomas Wood, and Moin Yahya.

1/08-6/08: Dennis Ambler, Dana Anderson, David Anderson, John Anderson, Jason Barney, David Behar, John Berry, Richard Belzer, Debra Bokulic, Sidney Bondurant, Marc Bosem, Robert W. Bruce, Kenneth Casarsa, Michael Cernovich, Steve Chapman, Jim Copland, Ryan Crompton, Mel Dahl, Baron Davis, Tas Dienes, Bob Emery, Steven Erickson, Shannon Ferguson, Cathy Gellis, Chris Gilmer, Linda Gorman, Adam Graff, Mickey Gray, Josh Greenman, Phil Grossman, Mark Guenin, Ananda Gupta, William Hammond, David Hanna, Dave Haxton, Steve Headley, Glen Hoffing, James Huff, James Ingram, Andrea Kalish, Hikaru Katayamma, Samara Klar, Joel Koerner, Adam Kolakowski, William Larson, David Link, Peggy Little, Rob McDaniels, Peg Manning, Brian Moore, David Nowlan, Richard O’Donnell, Joseph O’Neil, Brooks Parfitt, Marco Parillo, Tom Patterson, William Poser, Chris Rathfoot, Jonathan Rauch, Raymond Reichelt, Jeremy Richey, Todd Rogers, John Rohan, Gerald Rossi, Harsha Sankar, Kim Scarborough, Chris Schmitthenner, David Schwartz, Victor Serby, Lisa Simon, Stan Sipple, Clark Sprague, Carl Starrett, Mike Styczen, Nancy Swan, Keith S., Franco Tarulli, Amber Taylor, David Townsend, James Trainor, Rogers Turner, Eve Tushnet, Richard Underwood, Antony Vickery, Pete Warden, Earl Wertheimer, David Wilson, Wiley Winters, Timothy Wise, Ryan Zempel, Teri Zuckerman, and Ben Zycher.

7/07-12/07: Jackson Adams, Peter Alrich, Dennis Ambler, Christopher Annunziata, Jack Archer, Marc Arkin, Jason Barney, Charles Barry, Ed Bartlett, Mark Behrens, Erik Bell, Rich Bennett, David Boaz, Debra Bokulic, Sidney Bondurant, Kent Budge, Ken Casarsa, Michael Cernovich, Brian Chase, Terry Christiansen, Robert Clarke, Ron Coleman, Benjamin Cooper, Phil Cosgrove, Ed Craig, Beverly Davidson, Thomas Delchamps, Nick DiCiaccio, Wayne Dunham, Peter Eipers, Drew Elliot, Bob Emery, Andy Engel, Bill Evans, Anthony Falanga, Michael Garrett, Keith Genter, David Giacalone, Chris Gilmer, Josh Greenman, Phil Grossman, John Guggenheim, Ananda Gupta, Tom Hancock, Kobi Haron, Tom Hazlett, Steven Headley, Glen Hoffing, Tim Holt, Justin Hopkins, James Huff, James Ingram, Doug Iverson, Hikaru Katayamma, David Kirschman, Samara Klar, Joel Koerner, Bruce Korol, Bryce Kustra, George Lenard, Jeff Lewis, Barb Lindsay, Ron Long, Rob McDaniels, Jay Markowitz, Paul Meyer, Gunner Miller, Velma Montoya, C.G. Moore, Ed Murnane, Franklin Nachman, Brian J. Noggle, Barry Nordin, David Nowlan, Skip Oliva, Dan Parker, Chris Rathfoot, Raymond Reichelt, Pascal Rettig, Allen Roberts, Todd Rogers, John Rohan, Gerald Rossi, George Sabatino, Christian Schneider, Daniel A. Schwartz, Pietro Semifero, Victor Serby, Deirdre Sheehan, Eric Soskin, Mike Styczen, Nancy Swan, Jason Thornton, David Townsend, I. Turnbull, W. Rogers Turner, Jr., Antony Vickery, Patrick Warren, Dave Westheimer, Sean White, Joe Windish, Timothy Wise, Moin Yahya, Teri Zuckerman, and Ben Zycher.

1/07-6/07: Peter Alrich, Dennis Ambler, David M. Anderson, Alex Beam, David Behar, David Boaz, Debra Bokulic, Sidney Bondurant, Matthew Caplan, Wade Carvell, Ken Casarsa, Terry Christensen, Jim Copland, Douglas Cudd, Peggy Decker, Nick DiCiaccio, Dick Dillehunt, Carrie Durham, Greg Dwyer, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Bill Evans, Jason Frank, Ray Futrell, David Giacalone, John Steele Gordon, Linda Gorman, Joshua Greenman, Phil Grossman, Sean Harrington, Peter Hauser, Chris Helton, Lewis Herman, Mark Herrmann, Sean Higgins, Howard Husock, Hikaru Katayamma, Samara Klar, Joel Koerner, Werner Kranenburg, Bryce Kustra, Shawn La Douceur, Jim Leitzel, Patrick Lewis, Peggy Little, Leah Lorber, Daniel Lurker, Alec McAusland, Michael McKinney, Kevin M. Moore, Brian Mount, David Nowlan, William Nuesslein, Frank Nusbickel, Jeffrey Nye, Bob O’Neale, Don Padgitt, Marco Parillo, Dan Parker, Glen Per, Neil Polstein, Jeff Poulin, J.C. Ravage, Raymond Reichelt, Bill Reynolds, Todd Rogers, John Rohan, Christopher Rust, Harsha Sankar, Kelly Sessoms, Joe Severs, Greg Shoom, Stan Sipple, Ira Smith, Mark Steckbeck, Mike Styczen, Nancy Swan, Sandy Szwarc, Eve Tushnet, Antony Vickery, Robert VonBuskirk, Patrick Warren, David Weiss, Dave Westheimer, Steve White, Chuck Willing, Timothy Wise, Moin Yahya, William Zeiser, Teri Zuckerman, and Ben Zycher.

7/06-12/06: David Allen, Dennis Ambler, Angus Barrs, Erik Bell, Rich Bennett, Vic Benstead, David Boaz, S. W. Bondurant, Rob Bray, Ray Burtoff, Chuck Carter, Ken Casarsa, Mike Cernovich, Terry Christensen, Robert Clarke, Loren Collins, Jim Copland, Jocelyn Cornine, Mel Dahl, Jason D’Amico, Rebecca Davidson, Nick DiCiaccio, Matthew Dudley, Greg Dwyer, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Bill Evans, Mark Everingham, Sean Fosmire, Laura Fredericks, Ray Futrell, John Gnodtke, Jeffrey Gordon, Mark Grapentine, Julian Haley, Christine Hall-Reis, Will Heckman, Sean Higgins, James Ingram, Bill Jempty, Aaron Johnson, Judah Kelber, Samara Klar, Joel Koerner, David Kundysek, James Link, Leah Lorber, Eugene Lublinsky, Jay Markowitz, Scott Michael, Allan Nadel, John Nolan, David Nowlan, Othell, Tom Patterson, Lindsay Peet, Brian Piccioni, Steve Pippin, Raymond Reichelt, Todd Rogers, Harsha Sankar, Neil Schumacher, Kelly Sessoms, Kristyn Shayon, Richard Sincere, John H. Smith, Mike Styczen, Sandy Szwarc, Christopher Tozzo, Antony Vickery, Anna Vinding, Patrick Warren, Meredith Wright, Phil Ytterberg, Teri Zuckerman, and Ben Zycher.

1/06-6/06: Allan Adomite, Dave Allen, Peter Alrich, Tom Austerberry, Richard Berry, S. W. Bondurant, Isaac Brodsky, Ken Casarsa, Mike Cernovich, Mackenzie Chambers, Mark Chenoweth, Jon Cipriani, Matt Conigliaro, Ryan Crompton, Joe Dasenbrock, Peggy Decker, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Bill Evans, Mark Everingham, Leonard Ferrucci, Ray Futrell, John Gabel, Ronald Gans, Jane Genova, Christine Hall-Reis, Terry Hammons, Larry Heisler, Ben Henick, Aaron Hill, Tim Holt, Randall Hough, James Ingram, Charles Johnson, Robert Johnson, Kevin Keane, Doug Levene, Marc Levin, Patrick Lewis, Colin Scott MacDonald, Matt Manor, Allan Nadel, Micah McOwen, Michele Miller, Jon Moceri, Peter Morin, Peter Nordberg, David Nowlan, Alan Nye, Skip Oliva, Dorothy Olson, Dan Parker, Brian Picchioni, Raymond Reichelt, Todd Rogers, Flavio Rose, Joel Rothman, Harsha Sankar, Suzanne Saunders, Victor Serby, Kelly Sessoms, Deirdre Sheehan, Roland Sheler, Lisa Simon, Stan Sipple, John H. Smith, Mike Styczen, Brian Summers, Nancy Swan, Thaddeus Swanek, Christopher Tozzo, Jane Tucker, Alan Tysinger, Richard Van Coevering, Antony Vickery, Al Waters, David Wilson, Jim Wilson, Meredith Wright, Moin Yahya, Teri Zuckerman, and Ben Zycher.

7/05-12/05: David Boaz, S. W. Bondurant, Rob Bray, Dwight Brown, Barie Carmichael, Ken Casarsa, Mike Cernovich, Mackenzie Chambers, Derek Conti, Adrian Coombes, John Crowell, Pedro J. Diaz, Eduardo De Diego, Nick DiCiaccio, Steve Egan, Peter Eipers, Debbie Elam, Tom Elia, Bob Emery, Bill Evans, Howard Feinberg, Leonard Ferrucci, John Fund, Rob Goodman, Mark Gordon, Terry Hammons, Dennis Harrison, Mark Hemingway, Tim Holt, Bryan Hryszkanich, Leah Lorber, Eugene Lublinsky, Michael MacKay, Michael Mcfarlane, Nicolas Martin, Mary Anne Mitchell, Scott Mitchell, C.G. Moore, Mark Noeltner, David Nowlan, Frank Nusbickel, Richard O’Donnell, Jon Opelt, Bill Oppenheimer, Daniel Parker, Steve Pippin, Kevin Prudlow, Raymond Reichelt, Scott Replogle, Lyle Roberts, Flavio Rose, Harsha Sankar, Kelly Sessoms, Stan Sipple, John H. Smith, Mike Styczen, Nancy Swan, Charles Sykes, W. Daniel Troyka, Jane Tucker, Rogier van Bakel, Paul Varnell, Eduardo Veiga, John Walsh, David E. Wilson, Larry Wimble, and Moin Yahya.

1/05-6/05: David G. Allen, Eric Bainter, Patrick Balester, Vic Benstead, David Bernstein, Ellen Bisnath, S. W. Bondurant, Ray Burtoff, Kenneth Casarsa, Mackenzie Chambers, Brian Chase, Mark Chenoweth, Ron Coleman, David Cornutt, Laurie Davis, Eduardo de Diego, Michael DeBow, Nick DiCiaccio, Stephen Dow, Karen Doyne, Brandon Dutcher, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Bill Evans, Tom Fenton, Leonard Ferrucci, Sean Fosmire, Dan Galvin, Adam Geffen, Daniel Gertson, David Giacalone, Frank Giovinazzi, Jeff Goldblatt, Carlos Gomez, Matthew Guerreiro, Zan Hale, Terry Hammons, Joseph Hazelwood, Rick Henderson, Troy Hinrichs, Dave Hitt, Tim Holt, Bryan Hryszkanich, James Ingram, Judah Kelber, Richard King, Cal Lanier, Mark Littlehale, Kevin Lopata, T.J. McIntyre, Brian McNamara, Jon Moceri, Chester Moore, Jeremy Moore, Charles Moran, Brian J. Noggle, David Nowlan, Richard O’Donnell, Skip Oliva, Amy Phillips, Joe Phillips, Raymond Reichelt, Charles Robbart, Flavio Rose, G. David Rubin, Tim Sandefur, Harsha Sankar, Nadia Scott, Thomas Scott, Victor Serby, Kelly Sessoms, Roland Sheler, John H. Smith, Mike Styczen, Charles Sykes, Cole Thompson, Christopher Tozzo, W. Daniel Troyka, Jim Ventola, Pete Warden, David Wilson, Moin Yahya, and Ben Zycher.

7/04-12/04: Jason Barney, Kent Bell, Ellen Bisnath, Dave Boaz, S. W. Bondurant, Alan Brain, Rob Bray, Mike Buchin, Ray Burtoff, Michael Cammack, David Chamowitz, Shawn Chapman, Jim Copland, David D’Andrea, Mike DeBow, Peggy Decker, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Len Ferrucci, Seth Goldhamer, Arthur Gurevitch, Jeffrey Hall, Christine Hall-Reis, Dave Haxton, Steve Headley, Jack Henneman, Dave Hitt, Glen Hoffing, Tim Holt, James Huff, Richard Hunsaker, James Ingram, David Kane, Larry Keane, Alex Kozinski, George Lenz, Peggy Little, Kevin Lopata, Leah Lorber, Mike Manley, Jon Moceri, Erich Neumann, John Nolan, David Nowlan, Jon Opelt, Robert Owen, Neil Polstein, Raymond Reichelt, Scott Replogle, Allen Roberts, Duane Roelands, George Sabatino, Evan Schaeffer, John Schoffstall, Thomas Scott, Roland Sheler, Ed Sodaro, Mike Styczen, John Sullivan, Charles Sykes, Sandy Szwarc, David Thorguson, Henry Treftz, Garett Trietsch, Jane Tucker, Antony Vickery, Larry Wimble, Moin Yahya, Kelly Young, and James Zirin.

1/04-6/04: Mark Alesse, William Azevedo, Kyle Beckley, Rich Bennett, S. W. Bondurant, Beverley Brackett, Rob Bray, R. D. Bridges, Ray Burtoff, Mike Carney, Jim Copland, Terry Corcoran, Frederick Cox, Mike DeBow, Nick DiCiaccio, Wayne Dunham, Peter Eipers, Bob Emery, Len Ferrucci, Ed Finkelstein, Kevin Fleming, Ed Frechette, Michael Fumento, Sam Gaines, David Giacalone, Keith Gordon, Mark Grapentine, Richard Gray, Terry Hammons, Earl Hathaway, Steve Headley, Dave Hitt, Mark Hofmann, Tim Holt, Alexander Ignatiev, Steven Jones, Suzanne Kyro, Matt Lawson, George Lenard, Peggy Little, Michael Lombino, Leah Lorber, Nathan Lord, Eugene Lublinsky, T.J. McIntyre, Charley Meng, Jon Moceri, Erich Neumann, David Nowlan, Jon Opelt, Bard Parker, Raymond Reichelt, Ben Richter, Scott Replogle, Douglas Ross, Tom Scott, David Serena, Michael Siegel, Peter Smith, Ed Sodaro, Clark Sprague, Mike Styczen, John Sullivan, Peter Swanson, Charles Sykes, Garett Trietsch, Antony Vickery, Jeff Volberg, Earl Wertheimer, Sean White, Richard Whitlock, Larry Wimble, Tim Wise, and Ben Zycher.

7/03-12/03: David G. Allen, Daniel Abrams, Jason Barney, John L. Barton, David Bernstein, Tom Bohr, S. W. Bondurant, Roger Bournival, Alan Brain, Rob Bray, Owen Breck, Amy Brown, Michael Buchin, Beth Caucci, Jim Copland, David A. Cristol, Douglas Cudd, David Cushing, Stefan Czerniawski, Ray Davis, Michael DeBow, Pedro J. Diaz, Nick DiCiaccio, Nicholas DiVita, Brandon Dutcher, Bob Emery, Mark Everingham, Howard Feinberg, Ted Frank, Robert Goodman, John Steele Gordon, Earl Goudie, Julio Gundian, Ananda Gupta, Julian Haley, Mark Harris, Earl Hathaway, Chris Hayes, Edward Holman, Alexander Holt, James Ingram, Mike Johnson, Shirl Kennedy, Rebecca Kippen, Fritz Liess, Leah Lorber, Jason McNamara, Peg Manning, Jack Marchel, Charley Meng, Will Middelaer, R. Geoffrey Newbury, Laura Nichols, David Nowlan, Jon Opelt, Raymond Reichelt, Larry Ruane, Harsha Sankar, Kristin Scalisi, Chris Schneider, Steve Schoeffel, Harvey Scobie, David Serena, Chuck Shepherd, Paul Forrester Smith, John Sullivan, Henry Treftz, Garett Trietsch, Frank Varnavas, Antony Vickery, Bob Ward, Harmon Ward, Earl Wertheimer, Rhys Wilkins, Ken Willman and Larry Wimble.

1/03-6/03: Byron Annis, William Azevedo, Joshua Bennett, Tom Bohr, S. W. Bondurant, Alan Brain, Owen Breck, Wade Carvell, Beth Caucci, Mike Clawson, Michael DeBow, Russell DePalma, Pedro J. Diaz, Nick DiCiaccio, Rod Dillehay, Darian Drake, Bob Emery, Howard Feinberg, John Fund, Sam Gaines, Jack Gostl, Daniel Haus, James Ingram, Aaron J., William Leary, John LeBlanc, Doug Levene, Peggy Little, John McVey, Peg Manning, Jack Marchel, Charley Meng, Rob Metzler, Nate Neff, Cletus Nelson, Brian Noggle, David Nowlan, Stephen O’Neil, Jon Opelt, Marco Parillo, Roger Parloff, John Pope, Robert Racansky, Ben Richter, Kara Robinson, Donna Rovito, Larry Ruane, Leah Rudolph, Stephen Ryan, Robert Saye, Tom Scott, Bernard Slattery, Kevin Slebioda, Dan Sweeney, Stewart Vardaman, Jennifer Zambone, and Ben Zycher.

For earlier thanks to sources before 2003, click here.